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Peru Animals From the Jungles to the Coast
Peru animals are as diverse as the geography of Peru. Peru animals range from Pacific Ocean fish, to piranha in the Amazon River. Peru contains tens of thousands of different species of fish, birds, and other monkeys. Peru animals are generally divided into three different zones, based on their geographic origin.
The first Peru animals zone is known as the coastal zone. Although mostly containing sterile sand and desert, the coastal zone is most famous for it's Pacific Ocean life. Ranging from crabs and clams to sharks, the Pacific Ocean is filled with life, and the ocean bordering Peru is no exception. Peru is unique in that both warm and cold water fish swim in the ocean bordering Peru. The northern quarter of the coast is full of warm, tropical water that brings Black Marlin, Sea Bass, and Yellow Fin Tuna to Peru. In the southern 75% of the Pacific Ocean bordering Peru, the water is much cooler. This colder water is brought by the Humboldt Current. Fish in these cooler waters include flounder, Sea Bass, and Chita.
The Peru animals zone is known as the highland, or mountain zone. Bordered by the Andes mountains, life is teeming in these mountain areas. Trout are the most common fish in the nearby lakes and rivers, but there are many more animals beside fish in the mountains. Alpacas (smaller, cuter versions of the llama) are common, as are Andean Condors (large birds of prey), Chinchillas, Llamas, and Vicuña (sort of a combination of an alpaca and a camel). This zone is also where the majority of the natives of Peru live, and where the temperature varies the most between the summer and winter months. The environment in this zone is also very forgiving, unlike in the next zone.
The Peru animals zone is perhaps the most famous in the world, and also is the largest conservation area in Peru. This zone is called simply the jungle zone, which extends from the northern part of Peru down to the central part of Peru. Peru focuses the most money on preserving this zone through education of the benefits of preserving the jungles, and national parks. This zone also contains the most wildlife of any other zone in Peru, ranging from piranha to crocodiles, to pythons, to monkeys. Thousands of different plants and animals are protected inside of the many national parks. In fact, Peru is the leading South America country in terms of rainforest and jungle protection. Plants, mammals, fish, amphibians, birds, insects, and humans all live together in this immense zone of jungles and forests. In this tropical area, nature is allowed to live as wild an undisturbed as it pleases. This zone has two major seasons, the wet season and the dry season.
Throughout the many zones in Peru, animal life is just as diverse as the native people and culture of Peru. Peru's environment varies from desert sands, to mountains, to jungle. Continued conservation and preservation of the great wilderness of Peru will ensure that generations to come will be able to appreciate the great natural plants and animals of Peru.
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